“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is closely monitoring an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Chinese authorities identified the new coronavirus, which has resulted in more than a thousand confirmed cases in China, including cases outside Wuhan City. Additional cases have been identified in a growing number of other international locations, including the United States.” – A statement from the CDC.

What is Coronavirus?

There are seven different coronaviruses that scientists know of throughout the world that can infect humans and cause mild to severe sickness. 

2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been identified as the most recent virus to break out and cause respiratory illness in humans. The virus’ initial outbreak was in Wuhan, China, but has since spread internationally.

Of the 4,500 people worldwide who have contracted the virus so far, 106 people have died, all reported in China. 

How is it contracted?

Correlations between animal markets and those infected were found early on, supporting the theory that 2019-nCoV was spread to humans by animals. However, more recent cases show that patients who have not been exposed to animal markets are still contracting 2019-nCoV, indicating the virus is now spreading from person-to-person.

Other human coronaviruses have spread in the past from person-to-person in similar ways to influenza and other respiratory pathogens—through the droplets in an infected person’s cough or sneeze. However, ongoing investigations are still underway to determine how 2019-nCoV is spreading.

Symptoms

According to the CDC, symptoms of 2019-nCoV could appear in as little as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure.

Symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Prevention

Because there are no current vaccines against 2019-nCoV, the best defense in preventing the infection is to avoid exposure. Review the CDC’s travel guidelines and take the necessary precautions to prevent 2019-nCoV as you would other viruses.

The CDC urges everyone to:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

Those who believe they may have been exposed to 2019-nCoV should contact their healthcare provider immediately.

As a service to our readers, Nutex Health states no content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinicians.


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